Clinical and Experimental Immunology 1990 Feb; 79(2): 307-13.
Activation process of macrophages after in vitro treatment of mouse lymphocytes with dodecylglycerol
S Homma, N Yamamoto
Alkylglycerols, inflammation products of cancerous membrane lipids, efficiently activate macrophages. A brief in vitro treatment (30 min) of peritoneal cells (mixture of non-adherent and adherent cells) with a small amount (50 ng/ml) of synthetic dodecylglycerol (DDG) resulted in greatly enhanced Fc-receptor-mediated ingestion activity of macrophages. However, treatment of adherent cells (macrophages) alone with DDG produced no significant enhancement of macrophage ingestion activity, implying that macrophage activation requires a contribution of non-adherent cells. DDG-treated non-adherent cells were found to generate a macrophage-activating signal factor. Studies with a serum free-0.1% egg albumin-supplemented RPMI 1640 medium revealed that a serum factor is essential for macrophage activation process. Time course analysis of stepwise transfers of conditioned media of DDG-treated or untreated B cells and T cells revealed that DDG-treated B cells rapidly transmit a factor to untreated T cells which yield the ultimate macrophage-activating factor. This signal transmission among these cells for the macrophage activation process is too rapid to allow time for synthesis of inducible gene products. Thus, we hypothesized that a serum factor is modified by the pre-existing function of DDG-treated B cells and further modified by the pre-existing function of untreated T cells to yield macrophage-activating factor. This hypothesis was confirmed by the demonstration that DDG-treated splenic non-adherent cell ghosts modify a serum factor to yield macrophage-activating factor.